綠木求魚

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綠木求魚

孟子:
然則王之所大欲,可知已;欲闢土地,朝秦楚,蒞中國,而撫四夷也。以若所為,求若所欲,猶緣木而求魚也。王曰:若是其甚與?曰:殆有甚焉!緣木求魚,雖不得魚,無後災;以若所為,求若所欲,盡心力而為之,後必有災。

解釋:
孟子說:“那麼,大王的最大心願可以知道了,就是想擴張疆土,使秦國楚國來朝拜,君臨中原、安撫四周的民族。憑您的做法去追求實現您的心願,真好比是爬上樹去捉魚一樣。”宣王說:“像這麼嚴重嗎?” 孟子說:“只怕比這還嚴重呢!上樹捉魚,雖然捉不到魚,不會有後患。按您的做法去實現您的心願,費盡心力去做,到頭來必定有災禍。
Mencius said:

“Then, your Majesty’s desires are known to all. You wish to expand your territories, to force Qin and Chu to bow before you, to rule the entire country, and to subdue all other people to be your subjects. In doing so, you are like climbing a tree to seek for fish.”The King retorted“Is it that bad?”Mencius replied “It is even worse. For if you climb up a tree to seek for fish and find none, there is no adverse effect. But if you go ahead and try to actualize your desire with all your might, you will surely encounter calamities!”(譯英:蘇國麟)

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